Using a knowledge of studying previous media production I have compiled a mind map of the codes and convention of a documentaries. I will use this research to ensure that I include all/many of the codes and conventions to ensure my documentary follow the format and the finish product is as realistic as possible and has the same reactions upon the audience as many documentaries in which I have studied.
• Professionals and Experts
Interviewers are used to show a point of view they are used to authentic the views of the narrator. Within my documentary I will also use interviews. An interview with a youth on their option on the media’s view on teenagers I feel would be very effect as the media which we receive as a audience is many published by adults their we as an audience are missing a whole view point.
• Information tone
• Male voices are used on serious hard hitting narration for example fact and figures
• Female voices are used on sensitive emotional issues such as rape cases
• The Narration is seen as the all powerful view the audience believe they have specialised knowledge
• Needs to be clean and slow
• Ruling class view
I believe as I will be talking about young children/ teenagers I will use a female narration as the audience will see the subject of the production as their own children; However I will a male voice at the start to ensure the hard hitting facts and figures have a hard impact on the audience.
• There are three basic styles of cutaways: Storytelling, Emotional and General coverage.
• Storytelling Cut away - They tell/add to the storyline within the film this could be using image of road signs, exterior shots of the places in which interviews are taken place, images of characters entering places.
• Emotional Cut away – images of deceased family members, hugging, walking hand in clean. Clean natural symbolisation of friendship/Love. These types of images have a unique power over the audience to feel high scales of emotion.
• General Coverage – To express a type of situation using small images of actives for example going to the supermarket: parking the car in the car park , getting a trolley , browsing the products/food , paying at the tell , leaving the shop , re-entering the car. These using small shots which allow the audience to watch large section of time coverage quickly.
I would like to use all three methods of cutaways within my piece as I feel they would add alot of emotion and detail. Thought-out my research I want to pay close attention to the placing of the cutaways within the documentaries and the reason behind why they have been placed there. This will then help me with making my cutaways purposeful and high impacting on the audience.
• Real Footage
• Natural Lighting
• Digenetic Sound
• Historical footage borrowed from library/newspapers- copy write would be needed
• Add future information to the documentary which the film making would be unable to obtain any other way
Documentaries go to great lengths to ensure the product gives the audience a sense of realism throughout the whole documentary. To get this within my piece I am considering contacting the local council to enquire if they could present me with any CCTV footage of the villages at night to use within my film. This will also add as a realism aid within a reconstruction.
• Different points of views created from many different camera angles ; as if the audience are seeing it from a witnesses view
• Typical scenery and Lighting
Within my production I would like to feature many small reconstructions to add as a visual aid to the subject within the narration. Within my research I will study the reconstruction and the effects the editing will have on the audience.
Titles and Captions
• Normal Placement bottom right side
• Quick method to transferee information to the audience.
Titles will be used throughout my production during interviews to express who the speaker is, within my research I am going to explore where the best placement is of the title.